For the major road, see Epifanio de los Santos Avenue.
|Epifanio de los Santos|
De los Santos graduation picture at Ateneo de Manila
|Born||Epifanio de los Santos y Cristóbal|
(1871-04-07)April 7, 1871
Malabon, Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
|Died||April 18, 1928(1928-04-18) (aged 57)|
Manila, Philippine Islands (in office)
|Other names||Don Pañong, G. Solon (pen name), Señor de los Santos, ED or EDS (acronym)|
|Alma mater||University of Santo Tomas|
Ateneo Municipal de Manila
|Occupation||Writer, researcher, lawyer, politician, public servant|
|Known for||The First Filipino Academician, Great among the Great Filipino Scholars, A Man of Many Talents|
Epifanio de los Santos y Cristóbal, sometimes known as Don Pañong or Don Panyong (April 7, 1871—April 18, 1928) was a noted Filipinohistorian,literary critic,art critic,jurist,prosecutor, antiquarian,archivist, scholar, painter, poet, musician,musicologist,philosopher,philologist,bibliographer, translator,journalist, editor, publisher,paleographer,ethnographer, biographer,researcher,civil servant, patriot and hero. He was appointed Director of the Philippine Library and Museum by Governor GeneralLeonard Wood in 1925.
Early life and marriage
Epifanio de los Santos was born in 1871 in Malabon, Manila (now an independent city) to Escolastico de los Santos of Nueva Ecija and musician Antonina Cristóbal y Tongco. He studied at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila where he obtained a summa cum laude' of Bachelor of Arts degree. He devoted some time for painting but music became part of his daily life and was even awarded a professorship in music. He finished his law studies in University of Santo Tomas and topped the bar exams in 1898.Rafael Palma (1930) noticed that during his college years his collecting instinct was early manifested when he curiously dedicated himself gathering plants and flowers in the Nueva Ecija wherein he also sought the company and even communed with the rural communities. According to Agoncillo, "nobody suspected that he would someday become a literary man". As a young law student, his fascination in the study of Spanish literature was through readings of Juan Valera's novel entitled "Pepita Jimenez" and most of all his available works. Eventually, he formed a delightful and lasting friendship with this author which he met in Spain. His home in Intramuros became the meeting place of literary cliques composed of Cecilio Apóstol (Catulo), Fernando María Guerrero (Fulvio Gil), José Palma, Rafael Palma, Jaime C. de Veyra, Macario Pineda, Mariano V. del Rosario, Salvador V. del Rosario, Ysidro Paredes, Macario Adriatico, Jose Clemente Zulueta and Jose G. Abreu. He made a beautiful oil portrait of Rosa Sevilla and composed a melody dedicated for her.
Epifanio's first wife was Doña Ursula Paez of Malabon; his second was Margarita Torralba of Malolos. Jose, his son to his first wife, became a historian, biographer, and collector. His brother, Escolastico, became a pianist for silent films and has made artistic contributions as a poet and a realist story teller in Philippine magazines and newspapers. Socrates, his son from second wife, became a leading Pentagonaeronautics engineer in his time.
He got two lines of descendants with four children on his first wife Ursula Paez namely Jose, Rosario, Escolastico and Antonio and eight children on his second wife Margarita Torralba namely Leticia, Fernando, Socrates, Federico, Hipatia Patria, Espacia Lydia, Glicera Ruth & Margarita.
Literary and Scholarly works
Epifanio was considered one of the best Filipino writers in Spanish of his time and regarded as a literary genius. When he was young, he was the first Filipino to become a member of the Spanish Royal Academy of Language, Spanish Royal Academy of Literature and Spanish Royal Academy of History in Madrid. It was the admiration of his writings that Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo asked the Real Academia Española to open its door to the benevolent young native scholar.
Epifanio was a young associate editor of the revolutionary paper "La Independencia"(1898), writing in prose under the pen name G. Solon and also a member of the Malolos Congress. He also co-founded other newspapers like La Libertad, El Renaciemento, La Democracia, La Patria and Malaysia. He also made valuable publications namely; Algo de Prosa (1909), Literatura Tagala (1911), El Teatro Tagala (1911) Nuestra Literatura (1913), El Proceso del Dr. José Rizal (1914), Folklore Musical de Filipinas (1920). He also authored Filipinos y filipinistas (Filipinos and Filipinists), Filipinas para los Filipinos, Cuentos y paisajes Filipinos (Philippine Stories and Scenes) and Criminality in the Philippines (1903–1908).
He was a member of "Samahan ng mga Mananagalog" which was initiated by Felipe Calderon in 1904, and it includes active members with the likes of Lope K. Santos, Rosa Sevilla, Hermenigildo Cruz, Jaime C. de Veyra and Patricio Mariano. He was a polyglot, being fluent in Spanish, English, French, German, Ita, Tingian, and Ibalao. He notably translated Florante and Laura classically into sonorous Castilian. As one of the brilliant writers in the Golden Age of Fil-Hispanic literature who had published numerous titles and books, he was an honorary member of the Academia Filipina de la Lengua Española.
As a versatile researcher, he also contributed to early Philippine studies on anthropology, ethnology, archaeology, linguistics and demographics.
Epifanio de los Santos traveled to many places in Europe, Asia, and Americas searching for rare Philippine documents in museums, archives, and libraries. He collected almost 200 paintings and sculpted pieces done by Juan Luna, Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo, Fabián de la Rosa, Arellano, Pablo Amorsolo and Fernando Amorsolo, Nepomuceno, and Guillermo Tolentino, musical literatures, opera records, valuable printed materials, documents and manuscripts on the revolution and historical pictures. According to Zaide, his famous Filipiniana collection was rated by foreign scholars as the best in the world. In Europe, he was recognized as the philologist and writer of biographical matters about the Philippines.
According to Zaide, there are documents and printed matter in his collection that cannot be found elsewhere, not even in the Filipiniana Division of The National Library nor in any library the world over, the Library of Congress of the United States included. The best years of his life were spent in looking for them only to find them after an almost "wild goose chase" of a lifetime. His Rizaliana collections were greatly acknowledged by W. E. Retana, James A. Le-Roy, and Austin Craig.
In all, there are 115 printed matter and 213 documents in the collection dealing with Philippine revolution
After de los Santos's death, the Philippine legislature, by virtue of the Philippine Clarin Act, negotiated with the widow and heirs of the great collector for the purchase of the collection and library. The Philippine government bought the priceless collections for P 19,250.00.
Don Panyong the Master Guitarist by Tolentino.
He was appointed district attorney of San Isidro, Nueva Ecija. He was later elected as governor of Nueva Ecija in 1902 and 1904. His election victory made him the first democratically elected provincial governor and head of the Federal Party in Nueva Ecija. Being a member of the Philippine Commission, he was immediately considered as one of those Filipino intellectuals to represent the Saint Louis World's Fair in 1904. After his term as the governor, he was appointed provincial fiscal of Bulacan and Bataan provinces. He wrote a treatise on electoral fraud "Electoral Fraud and its Remedies" (Fraudes Electorales y Sus Remedios) in 1907 for the Philippine Assembly. On the side, he devoted his spare time to researches in Philippine history and literature. Portions of his collections where destroyed when fires hit his house in San Isidro, Nueva Ecija. According to Agoncillo and Palma, his interest lies not in politics. In 1918, he was appointed by Gov. Gen.Francis Burton Harrison as Assistant Technical Director of the Philippine Census.
The last and most significant position De los Santos held was Director of the Philippine Library and Museum, to which he was appointed by Gov. Gen.Leonard Wood in 1925. He was also elected as third President of the Philippine Library Association ( now Philippine Librarians Association, Inc.) becoming the first Filipino of native parentage to assume such position professionally for Philippine library science.
Death and legacy
He died in office on April 8, 1928. The Philippine government paid him a tribute to a stately funeral. Local and foreign scholars lamented to a loss to what has been described by them as "Great among the Great Filipino Scholars."
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (commonly known as EDSA), the main road through Metro Manila, was named after him. Several schools, streets, a college, a hospital, a printing press and an auditorium in National Library of the Philippines was also named in his honor.
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- ^ abcdefghijBernardo, Fernando A. 2000. Silent storms: inspiring lives of 101 great Filipinos. Anvil Publishing, Inc. pp. 37–38. ISBN 978-971-27-0929-6
- ^ abForemost scholar of his time Virtual Law Library: Epifanio de los Santos Avenue accessed Dec. 15, 2010
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- ^Señor EDSA http://filipinoscribbles.wordpress.com/2010/04/07/senor-edsa/ accessed Dec. 16, 2010
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- ^Dungo, Dolores T. Epifanio de los Santos. Epifanio de los Santos College, Malabon, Rizal.
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- ^Hardtendorp, A. V. H. Don Pañong – genius. Philippine Magazine 26 (Sept.) 210-11, 234-235.
- ^Mojares, Resil B. 2006. Brains of the nation: Pedro Paterno, T.H. Pardo de Tavera, Isabelo de los Reyes and the production of modern knowledge. Ateneo de Manila University Press. Bellarmine Hall, Katipunan Avenue Loyola Heights, Quezon City. p. 477. ISBN 971-550-496-5
- ^Brillantes, Lourdes Castrillo. 2006. 81 Years of Premio Zobel: A Legacy of Philippine Literature in Spanish. Vival Publishing House, Inc. pp. 34 &45. ISBN 978-971-8551-54-7
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- ^The Philippine journal of science- Anthropology. [Vol. 77, no. 1]. As coworkers in Archaeology. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Library. 2005. p. 223
- ^Zaide, Gregorio F. 1930. Epifanio de los Santos, his collection and library. The Tribune Magazine. pp. 4–5
- CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Art. Vol IX. Philippine Literature. Manila: Cultural Center of the Philippines, 1994
- Agoncillo, Teodoro A. 2002 ed. The revolt of the masses- the story of Bonifacio and the Katipunan. University of the Philippines Press. E. de los Santos St., UP Campus, Diliman, Quezon City.
- Epifanio de los Santos (Great among the great Filipino scholars). 1982. Printed by Merriam School & Office. Supplies Corporation, Manila.
- The Delos Santos family descendants memorabilia, historical pictures and clippings.
- Philippine Free Press. Manila. April 28, 1928.
- The Manila Tribune. April 19, 1928
- National Historical Institute (NHI). 1990. Filipinos in history. Vol. II. Manila.
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- Bernardo, Fernando A. 2000. Silent storms: inspiring lives of 101 great Filipinos. Anvil Publishing, Inc. pp. 37–38. ISBN 978-971-27-0929-6
- Bantug, Jose P. Epifanio de los Santos Cristobal. pp. 215–223.
- Baylon, Gloria J. EDSA: Country's Avenue of History. The Philippine Post Nation: Leading to the Next Millennium. Feb. 23, 1998.
- Buencamino, Felipe; De los Santos, Epifanio. Census of the Philippine Islands: taken under the direction of Philippine legislature in the year 1918. A Government Publication. Manila: Bureau Printing. (1921?)
- Carson, Taylor; De los Santos, Epifanio. 1927. History of the Philippine Press. Manila. 61 pp.
- Cayco, Librado D. ( 1934) Epifanio de los Santos Cristobal. Manila. National Heroes Day. University of the Philippines.
- Churchill, Bernadette R. Epifanio de los Santos, pioneer historian. In History & Culture, Language & Literature: Selected Essays of Teodoro A. Agoncillo. pp. 239–245.
- Cullinane, Michael. 2003. Illustrado politics: Filipino elite responses to American rule, 1989-1908. Ateneo de Manila University.
- De los Santos, Epifanio. 1909. Algo de prosa. Madrid Fortanet. 70 pp.
- De los Santos, Epifanio. 1909. Cinco notas al Capitulo octavo de los "Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas" del Dr. Antonio de Morga (en su nueva edición de W.E. Retana). Madrid Fortanet. 24 pp.
- De los Santos, Epifanio. 1909. Literatura tagala : Conferencia leída en el Liceo de Manila ante el "Samahan ng mananagálog". Madrid Fortanet.25 pp.
- De los Santos, Epifanio. 1911. Informe acerca de una obra sobre los orígenes de la imprenta filipina. Madrid Imprenta de Fortanet. 52 pp.
- De los Santos, Epifanio. 1913. Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera. Cultura Filipina 4 (1): 1-49.
- De los Santos, Epifanio. 1913. Ignacio Villamor: El funcionario y el hombre. Cultura Filipina 4 (3): 351-359.
- De los Santos, Epifanio. 1915. Ignacio Villamor: El funcionario y el hombre. Cultura Filipina 5 (4): 275-294.
- De los Santos, Epifanio. 1916. Rafael del Pan: The Philippine Review 1 (May): 41-44.
- De los Santos, Epifanio.1957.Marcelo H. del Pilar ; Andres Bonifacio ; Emilio Jacinto. Kapisanang Pangkasaysayan ng Pilipinas. English and Tagalog. Translated from Spanish.
- De los Santos, Epifanio. 1973. The revolutionists: Aguinaldo, Bonifacio, Jacinto. Translated and edited by Teodoro A. Agoncillo. Manila: National Historical Commission.
- De los Santos, Epifanio. 1909. Epifanía Wenceslao E. Retana, ensayo crítico acerca de este ilustre filipinista. Establecimiento Tipográfico de Fortanet, Madrid.
- Dungo, Dolores T. Epifanio de los Santos. Epifanio de los Santos College, Malabon, Rizal.
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- Fermin, Jose D. 2004. 1904 World's Fair: the Filipino experience. E. de los Santos St., UP Campus, Diliman Quezon City. p. 73. ISBN 978-971-542-439-4
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- Santos, Ramon Pagayon. 2007. Tunugan: four essays on Filipino Music. The University of The Philippines Press. 216 pp.
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ARELLANO UNIVERSITY believes in equal opportunities to quality education for all. Within the limits of its resources, the University endeavors to provide access to education to deserving students by virtue of their scholarship or other achievements. The grant of scholarship and discounts is a privilege. It must therefore be earned and maintained through consistent individual achievement, or other special qualifications the University may require. It is neither transferable nor subject to the commerce of man. Other than the recipient or immediate beneficiary, no one should profit or gain pecuniary benefits from this policy.
ACADEMIC SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMS
1) F. Cayco Memorial Scholarship
This scholarship is awarded to incoming freshmen specifically nominated for the grant. To continue enjoying the scholarship subsequently, the recipient must maintain a general weighted average of 1.5, a minimum load of 18 units, and no failing grade or dropped subject in the immediately preceding semester. The documentary requirement includes a certified copy of the grades and certificate of enrolment to be issued by the school registrar. First time recipients must obtain and present the Certificate of Award of the F. Cayco Memorial Scholarship before enrolment. The scholarship is for 100% of tuition and miscellaneous fees.
2) Elisa Esguerra Memorial Scholarship for Valedictorian / Salutatorian
This scholarship is awarded to elementary graduates with honors (First Honors and Second Honors) and high school graduates with honors (Valedictorian and Salutatorian). The grant is limited to incoming college and high school freshman students not previously enrolled as such in any other school. For college students to continue enjoying the scholarship subsequently, the recipient must maintain a general weighted average (GWA) of 1.5, a minimum load of 18 units, and no failing grade or dropped subject in the immediately preceding semester. High school students must be among the top three with the highest average in his or her year level in order to maintain full scholarship in the succeeding year.
The documentary requirement includes a certified true copy of grades and a certificate of enrolment to be issued by the school registrar. First time recipients must present their Form 138 and a certification from the school principal of the school last attended stating the student's rank and honors received upon graduation. The scholarship is for 100% of tuition and miscellaneous fees.
3) Entrance Scholarship for High School Graduates with Honors
This is granted to high school graduates with honors or those who received honorable mention upon graduation. The scholarship is limited however to incoming college freshman students not previously enrolled as such in any other school. The documentary requirement includes a certified true copy of grades and certificate of enrolment to be issued by the school registrar. Recipients must present their Form 138 and a certification from the school principal of the school last attended stating the student's rank and honors received upon graduation. This scholarship is limited to tuition discounts, as follows:
a) First Honorable Mention 75%
b) Second Honorable Mention 75%
c) Third Honorable Mention 75%
d) Fourth Honorable Mention 75%
e) Fifth Honorable Mention 75%
f) Sixth Honorable Mention 50%
g) Seventh Honorable Mention 50%
h) Eight Honorable Mention 50%
i) Ninth Honorable Mention 50%
j) Tenth Honorable Mention 50%
4) Academic Achievement in College (College Scholarship)
This is awarded to college students for individual academic achievements in the course of a semester or school year. The documentary requirement includes a certified true copy of grades and a certificate of enrolment issued by the school registrar. The scholarship is for 100 percent, 75 percent, and 50 percent for the first, second, and third highest average grade, respectively. This covers all year levels in college and includes both tuition and miscellaneous fees. To qualify, one must be enrolled with 18 units minimum load for the computed semester. To subsequently enjoy the scholarship, previous recipients must maintain any of the top highest general weighted average (GWA) in the immediately preceding term or semester, as follows:
a) 1.0 – 1.25 - 100% free tuition
b) 1.26 – 1.50 - 75% free tuition
c) 1.51 – 1.75 - 50% free tuition
5) Academic Achievement in High School and Elementary Grades
This is awarded for individual academic achievements in the course of a school year. The scholarship is for 100 percent, 50 percent and 25 percent for the first, second, and third highest average grades, respectively, in the immediately preceding school year. The scholarship covers all year or grade levels in the high schools and elementary departments of Arellano University and includes both tuition and miscellaneous fees.
Highest Average Grade – 100%
Second Highest Average Grade – 50%
Third Highest Average Grade – 25%
GOVERNMENT-MANDATED SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMS
1) P.D. 451 (Poor But Deserving Students). This is granted to students who show sufficient proof of financial incapacity but who are otherwise academically proficient. This is granted on a first-come, first-served basis, with total recipients not exceeding the annual allocation as determined by the AU Vice President for Finance, but not to exceed the ratio of one scholar for every 500 students. To qualify, students must show convincing proof of hardship and financial insufficiency. To continue qualifying for the privilege, the student must not have any failing grade or dropped subject at any time while enjoying the privilege. Failure in any one subject automatically cancels this privilege. The student is also expected to complete his studies within the period prescribed in the curriculum. Students still in residence beyond the normal period prescribed in the curriculum are disqualified.
The documentary requirements include parent's income tax return, certification of grades, enrolment and residency issued by the school registrar, and a statement describing the personal circumstances of the applicant. The school may require further documentation as it deems necessary. The scholarship is for 100 percent of tuition only. Miscellaneous fees will be assessed and collected upon enrolment.
2) P.D. 577 (Dependents of AFP Personnel Who Died in Line of Duty). This scholarship is granted to children of personnel of the Armed Forces of the Philippines who died in line of duty. To continue qualifying for the privilege, the student must not have any failing grade or dropped subjects at any time while enjoying the privilege. The Vice President for Finance shall establish an annual quota, to be available on a first-come, first-served basis. Failure in any one subject automatically cancels this privilege. The student is also expected to complete his studies within the period prescribed in the curriculum. Students still in residence one year beyond the normal period prescribed in the curriculum are disqualified.
The documents required are death certificate of parent, and certification from the school registrar regarding residency and year level status. The discount is for 100 percent of tuition fees.